Saturday, May 23, 2020

Compare and contrast the depiction of Muslim men to that of Muslim women in orientalist discourses Free Essay Example, 1500 words

Ð ¡ertainly, there are certain reasons why the West adhered to such views on an image of a Muslim woman. During the process of the European values formation, the East, in particular the Islamic world, was chosen as an example of the opposite. The negative image of the East was necessary for Europe. It was built by means of a stereotype about the oppressed and unfortunate women who live in the atmosphere of tyranny created by their cruel husbands. Men in their turn are depicted as tyrants and despots, whose main goal is to humiliate women and make their life unacceptable. The image of the weak-willed and oppressed Muslim women against the background of cruel men-tyrants became stronger in the minds of Europeans in the XIX century. Now the situation reached the stage when it is almost impossible to disprove that â€Å"the dominant representations of Muslim men as violent and dangerous and Muslim women as victims of oppression. The dominant images of both Muslim men and women served the same purpose: They established the need to intervene to rescue the women and control the men† (Mishra, 2007). We will write a custom essay sample on Compare and contrast the depiction of Muslim men to that of Muslim women in orientalist discourses or any topic specifically for you Only $17.96 $11.86/pageorder now It was happening during the process of formation of the British and French empires. In other words, there is a direct link between this image and imperialism, and also the legitimation of imperialism, which is still happening. Muslim scientists state that when in the 21st century America tries to justify the invasion into Afghanistan and Iraq, it uses a stereotype of an oppressed woman. These sample representations of orientalists also influence the representation of Muslims about themselves and they try to reconcile with the failure. Muslims reconciled with this image refracted through their vision and still didnt refuse the defensive position imposed to them. â€Å"Instead of providing scope for critical intervention, dominant discourses in  The  New York Times  thus confirmed Orientalist framing of Muslim men and women. The media portrayals of Muslim men and women in  The New York Times  jointly reinforced the need for Western interven tion in Muslim societies and communities, whether the declared purpose was to liberate Muslim women or to keep Muslim men under surveillance† (Mishra, 2007). So, did women played any role in Islamic history? Answering this question, it is essential not to forget that their role were explained and measured by other measures. The books on history usually didnt take the life of plain people into account. The history is written only taking into account the great events and wars, but there are other forms of historical events registration such as studying of microhistory and chronicles.

Tuesday, May 12, 2020

Animal Cruelty Should Not Be Banned - 1169 Words

Have you ever wondered the stories of the animals in an animal shelter? Many of the animals there have been victims of animal abuse. Many animals and humans suffer through the affects and difficulties of animal abuse. Animal abuse affect many people and animals all over the world. There are many different things that can and should be done to help stop this. There are many cases of animal abuse all over the world report or unreported and it needs to be stopped. Animal cruelty is when someone harms an animal or does not take care of them. Animal cruelty can be shown by not feeding, exercise, hitting or killing your pet. It happens all over the world every day. Everyday somewhere in the world an animal is being abused. In many cases the abuse is never reported. Animal cruelty affects more than just animals humans are affected too. It has known to cause mental and physical problems. There are studies that states people who commit animal abuse are more likely to commit a crime of violenc e. Children who have witness animal abuse may suffer from mental illnesses and become violent in their future. People have killed and tortured animals in many different ways. People treated animals as if they were better than them. Ecclesiastes 3:19-20 â€Å"Humans and animals have the same destiny. One dies just like the other. All of them have the same breath of life. Humans have no advantage over animals. All of life is pointless. All life goes to the same place. All life comes from the ground,Show MoreRelatedAnimal Cruelty Should Not Be Banned1350 Words   |  6 PagesAnimal cruelty is categorised into either intentional acts of violence or, neglect based cases where an owner is unable to provide for an animal and broadly as unnecessary or unreasonable harm. These are general statements of what can be considered animal abuse as most animal welfare acts and legislation do not have a specific definition themselves. Generally they have examples of what is considered animal cruelt y which all fall under the two categories above. Some of these example include: physicallyRead MoreAnimal Testing Should Be Banned880 Words   |  4 Pagesdepending on animals testing. Therefore, if people talk about laboratories, they should remember animal experiments. Those animals have the right to live, according to people who dislike the idea of doing testing on animals; the other opinion, supports the idea of animal testing as the important part of the source of what has reached medicine of the results and solutions for diseases prevalent in every time and place. Each year huge numbers of animals are sacrificed for the science all these animals, whetherRead MoreAnimal Testing Should Not Be Banned940 Words   |  4 Pages1). Over 100 million animals are burned, crippled, poisoned, and abused in US labs every year. 2). 92% of experimental drugs that are safe and effective in animals fail in human clinical trials. (DoSomething â€Å"11 Facts About Animal Testing†). There are currently no laws combating the testing of cosmetics on animals, but the practice is harmful and must be ended. As evidenced by the statistics above, millions of animals are tortured and murdered in the United States every year for virtually no reasonRead MoreShould Animal Testing Be Banned?1665 Words   |  7 PagesTesting Cosmetics on Animals Companies around the world use animals to test cosmetics. Animals, such as rabbits, guinea pigs, hamsters, rats, and mice, are used to test the effects of chemicals on the eyes and skin. While animal testing is not mandatory, many companies use it. About Cosmetics Animal Testing by the Humane Society International talks about the different options companies have that do not require the cruel use and eventual death of animals. The article also talks about the overallRead MoreAnimal Testing Should Be Banned1263 Words   |  6 PagesAdult Education 19 May 2017 Animal Testing Should Be Banned Standard Number: 6.4.A Over 115 million animals are tested in laboratories throughout the United States each year. Typical animals included in these horrific tests include: cats, rats, dogs, rabbits, mice, monkeys, sheep, and birds. Researchers state that about 78,294 animals subjected to cosmetic and medicinal tests face severe pain (PETA, 2017). â€Å"Neither Federal nor state law prohibits the transfer of animals to laboratories; they onlyRead MoreCruelty to Animals in Pakistan931 Words   |  4 PagesCruelty to animals is so common in Pakistan that very few notice it. Bear baiting, practiced in Punjab, Sindh and Balochistan, is arranged by wealthy landlords. It involves the detoothing of bears and letting 2-6 dogs attack them. This practice has been common ever since the British began their rule, but escalated due to widespread ownership of firearms. The bears are usually illegally imported. The capture of bear cubs is prohibited across three provinces of Punjab. It was banned by the PakistanRead MoreThe Ethics Of Animal Testing1534 Words   |  7 Pageswhat most do not know is that a couple or couple hundred, animals were killed to approve, by law, of that product. This act is called animal testing, which is the method or experiment that forces an animal to go through any harm or distress (Thew). I do not agree with this practice simply because it harms innocent animals for products that we do not need to survive or remain with. I believe animal testing tortures innocent and helpless animals, by containing them in tight spaces, with chemicals drenchedRead MoreAnimal Testing Should Be Banned Essay537 Words   |  3 PagesEach year, millions of animals are used to test how safe and effective products, such as cosmetics, are. They are genetically modified, force-fed harmful chemicals, blinded, scalded, and maimed. How could one not object to this awful cruelty? Animal testing should be banned because it is cruel, unnecessary, inaccurate, and expensive. The very first reason why animal testing should be banned is elementary: it is cruel and unnecessary. Approximately 17-22 million animals are used for testing eachRead MoreAnimal Testing And The Scientific Field1305 Words   |  6 Pagesscientific field, people find that the richest discoveries in health or medicine generally depend on animal testing. According to Animal Testing in the History of Anesthesia: Now and Then, Some Stories, Some Facts, the writer says, â€Å"There are many interesting anecdotes, [†¦] about how dogs have been loved, named and tested by many anesthesiologists, [†¦]. However, the contribution of experiments on animals such as rabbit, monkey, mice, guinea pigs etc., also played a significant role in the evolutionRead MoreAnimals for Research and Experimentation678 Words   |  3 Pages100 million animals are used for research and experimentation on around the world every year. Apart from all the benefits of animal testing there are many good re asons which support banning the experimentations on animals such as: animal cruelty, selfishness, and danger of using the experiments result. Therefore animal experimentation should be banned. These days, animal testing has brought a lot of issues in the society. The first and foremost argument that is presented against animal testing deals

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

A Hypothetical New School Free Essays

In the post-modern knowledge society, the role of the school in the education of the youth is paramount.   Education should develop the holistic person through the implementation of an educational program in the school. Among the auxiliary services of school, the library is directly related to the acquisition of knowledge, skills and attitudes, which are important to developing the youth’s potentials for a functional membership in his society. We will write a custom essay sample on A Hypothetical New School or any similar topic only for you Order Now    This paper proposes a library design in terms of its basic features contained in the educational philosophy of a hypothetical school. New School Library Philosophy In the holistic education of a student, a school endeavors to develop the whole person composed of mind, heart, body, and spirit.   The school library herein proposed shall be devoted to the attainment of the basic vision of educating the youth to be a holistic person predominated by his spiritual intelligence with an ethical conscience that is able to guide his in living as a functional member of society—local and international. With a superior spiritual intelligence, a holistic person is able to develop and utilize all the other aspects of his personality, mind, body, and heart since the spirit influences all these aspects.   Spiritual intelligence is â€Å"the guidance of all three other intelligences,† (Latumahina, 2007.)   Spiritual intelligence can be developed â€Å"through making and keeping promises, educating and obeying your conscience, and asking questions yourself and living the answers.† Spiritual Intelligence and the Library. The school library herein proposed will provide great opportunities for developing the spiritual intelligence of its clients.   The working and learning environment is of great emphasis. The library staff shall be imbued with compassionate and caring attitudes towards the school and the outside community.   Moreover, the library staff will be composed of highly trained professionals in the delivery of services to the students, teachers, school employees and outside clients. They shall work for and with those clients, thus, making the school library a service center of the school.   Working closely with the clientele also develops and utilizes their spiritual intelligence, which they pass on to the students.   The staff will therefore be not only â€Å"servicing workers† but also â€Å"instructing librarians.† Beyond the physical domain of the library, the staff will be rendering community service with the students, teachers and administrators, thus, making them an integral part of the school and community. The school library emphasizes service to its clientele and the community.   It will focus on service learning. It will promote ethical, civic, and academic growth through learning projects. These projects shall bring the school to the community.   Students, teachers, and parent volunteers will participate in reading projects where teachers, administrators, librarians, parents and students read out loud to the community. Projects like these will help school community members, students, teachers, parents, and other citizens discover core values they have in common, and they will learn teamwork, decision-making skills, and strategies for implementing effective service learning projects. These projects will enable students to acquire teamwork and decision-making skills as well as strategies for action. The library materials shall be composed of books, journals, magazines, electronic media and others that will be useful for developing knowledge, skills and attitudes which are important to life and career.   They shall be influencing the development of mind, body, heart, and spirit. The library collections shall evenly address the needs of the students in learning the basic sciences, social studies, humanities, arts, languages and technology.   Interactive electronic materials will be especially devoted to the development of social grace, ethics, values and morality.   Multicultural education will be given emphasis in the selection of reading materials and interactive materials in the social studies. Ethics and the New School.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   In realizing the vision of educating the holistic person, the mission of the new school, therefore, puts emphasis on the development of the ethical conscience of the students, thereby unfolding their spiritual intelligence. This will be realized by incorporating ethics and morality as an integrated aspect of the school curriculum.   Ethics and morality guide the individual in being and becoming a functional member of society.   Foremost, the individual sets his goals in life in consideration of the overarching goals of society, which is peaceful co-existence and living with the rest of mankind — a main ingredient of multicultural education. Goal-achievement is guided by an ethical conscience toward to tolerance for other cultures and societies as well as care for the environment.   The new school fosters tolerance through the compassionate and caring values and attitudes of its administrators, teachers and employees. The school library shall be at the forefront of the service-oriented school staff.   The librarians and other library workers will set examples in the development of spiritual intelligence.   Every staff member will be an instructional model of ethics and morality. A tender, loving, and caring attitude shall be radiated by every worker rendering services to the clients.   It is by fostering a library environment which serves and cares that the ethics of tolerance and co-existence will be taught to the students.   It will be teaching by example. Primary Purpose of Education at the New School.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   Self-enhancement, therefore, shall be the main purpose for which the school’s educational program will be designed and implemented.   It is assumed that every human being is undergoing the educative process as she lives in society with all relevant social institutions nurturing and nourishing his. But the new school will be enhancing that education through transformation.   Transformative education will, thus, be the hallmark of the new school.   It shall endeavor to provide every possible opportunity for the unfolding of the potentials of the individual for a fruitful and rewarding life spent with the rest of the community of mankind. How to cite A Hypothetical New School, Papers

Friday, May 1, 2020

Event Venues in Qatar for Human

Question: Discuss about theEvent Venues in Qatar for Human Society. Answer: Introduction Events have always played a very important role in the human society (Kwoczek, Di Martino Nejdi, 2014). It is referred to as a planned act and performance and has its origin from the ancient era. They have always been serving as an important function for the society by providing the participant with several opportunities for asserting their respective identities and for sharing their rituals and celebrations with others. However, no event can be organized without a specific venue (Palmer et al., 2013). This paper shall elaborate on a list of events related venues in Qatar and their importance. Discussion List of all significant venues in Qatar There is a huge array of venues present in the Qatar that are widely been used for organizing several events. These venues are listed below: Dana Club Sheraton Grand Doha Hotel Msheireb Enrichment Club Shangri-La Hotel Regency Halls Sheikh Faisal Bin Qassim Al Thani Museum Doha Golf Club City Centre Rotana Doha Aspire Academy of Sports Excellence Global Business Centre Servcorp- Tornado Tower Museum of Islamic Art Assaha Hotel Qatar Bowling Centre Sumaisma Youth Center Skills Development Centre Gondolania Entertainment City Servcorp- Commercial Bank Plaza Regus- Doha Airport Aspire Zone Mondrian Doha Oryx Rotana The Diplomatic Club Qataar Racing Club Regus- Doha West Bay New York Steakhouse Albandar Group of Restaurant The Cultural Village- Katara Crowne Plaza Doha The Business Park Doha Marriott Hotel Intercontinental Doha La Cigale Sharq Village and Spa hotel Importance of some of the event venues located in Qatar Dana Club- Dana Club is located in Al Khuwair in Doha. This club caters world class venue for organizing conferences with sufficient and secure parking along with a close proximity to the business district of Doha (Yusuf, 2014). The conference rooms provided by them facilitate about eight floor plans for the seating arrangements. Sheraton Grand Doha Hotel- It is located at the Al Corniche Street of Doha (Furlan, 2016). It falls under the chain of Marriott International heestotels and was built in the year 1980. Along with a space of 80,000 sq. ft., this place is best suited for grand events, attracting millions of people towards its mesmerizing charm and beauty. Msheireb Enrichment Club- It is a landmarked location that is at present located at the picturesque Doha Corniche, in a very close proximity to the Sheraton Hotel. The club is complemented with huge contemporary conference facilities (Hotel Paradise, 2015). Shangri-La Hotel- With a total meeting space of 15,000 sq.ft, and 272 guest rooms, this hotel is serving its best to conduct several types of wedding, business or any other corporate events since its emergence in 2015. The facilities and services that it provides include onsite catering, onsite restaurant, rental car service, business centre and AV capabilities. There is also access to outdoor pool and health club. It also offers seven outlets of creative food and beverages along with nine protean meeting spaces. Regency Halls- The Regency Halls offers a large range of elegantly designed venues along with impeccable services and creative cuisines, creating an ideal condition for almost all types of events and functions ranging from corporate meetings, banquets to gala dinners and weddings. Sheikh Faisal Bin Qassim Al Thani Museum- It has undoubtedly always been a popular location for entertaining the corporate guests. It is a perfect venue for private parties and hosting events. Doha Golf Club- With its tranquil and picturesque landscape, this club is best suited for business meetings. City Centre Rotana Doha- It is recently opened five star hotel that is located in the heart of Doha (Mtapuri Giampiccoli, 2017). It is just few steps away from the newly built Doha Exhibition and Conference Centre. It is also a hotel, not so much of meeting spaces but is well furnished and well equipped with a huge number of events facilities and services. It is best for corporate events. Aspire Academy of Sports Excellence- It is a special event hotel, which offers its Aspires that has meetings, conference and office rooms along with VIP corporate rooms and suits. The venue has the potential to host about thirteen different sport events concurrently. Museum of Islamic Art- It is located at Ad Dawha and is used as a stunning venue for each and every type of events that ensures an unforgettable experience to the guests (Salama Wiedmann, 2016). It has an auditorium that is specially used to press conference, lectures, product and service launches etc. Qatar Bowling Centre- It is entertainment venue. It caters several kinds of events such as birthday parties, meetings, corporate events, seminars and various different social gatherings at a very reasonable price to its customers. Skills Development Centre- It is based in New Salata and caters meeting rooms in order to conduct workshops, seminars, exhibitions and training programs (Wadi Furlan, 2017). It is a special event venue. Mondrian Doha- Mondrian Doha is one of the frequently chosen venues for wedding events and functions. It has a total space of 30,000 sq. ft. and is well equipped with loading Dock, Dance floor, Staging area and portable walls. Oryx Rotana- It is closer to all International airports of Doha and the banking district. This location allows very easy access to conference, shopping facilities and entertainment that is offered in the capital city of Qatar. It has total meeting space of 11,000 sq. ft, along with easy access to dance floor, portable walls and Staging area. New York Steakhouse- It is a premiere restaurant located in the region of Doha, Qatar. It is one of those restaurants to come to for any celebration, event or occasion. It offers places to the guests in accordance to the events and occasions. Albandar Group of Restaurant- It is one of the reputed groups that serves for each and every types of multi functional occasions and classes of the guests. It consists of 3 levels at the recently renovated and redesigned Souq Waqif and gives the guests the most spectacular insight of the central city of the district of Qatar, Doha. Conclusion Hence, to sum up, it can be said that Qatar is serving the national and international guests will a large list of destinations for all kinds of events they want to organize. It has a real bunch of versatile event venues that have the capability to serve every needs and requirements of the guests in context to their events. Starting from Dana Club, Oryx Rotana to Albandar Group of Restaurant and Museum of Islamic Art; the capital city of Qatar is loaded with the top rated event venues that are well facilitated, beautifully furnished and technically advanced. References: Furlan, R. (2016). Urban Design and Social Livability: The Revitalization of the Corniche in Doha.American Journal of Environmental Engineering,6(3), 73-87. Hotel, O., Paradise, S. (2015). DEFENCE RELATED TRADE SHOWS, EXHIBITIONS CONFERENCES.policy,7, 10. Kwoczek, S., Di Martino, S., Nejdl, W. (2014). Predicting and visualizing traffic congestion in the presence of planned special events.Journal of Visual Languages Computing,25(6), 973-980. Mtapuri, O., Giampiccoli, A. (2017). Abu Dhabi and Doha: Skyscraping for Tourism Development.The Arab World Geographer,20(1), 42-65. Palmer, A., Rao, K. V., Feierfeil, A., Bar, M. (2013).U.S. Patent Application No. 13/631,450. Salama, A. M., Wiedmann, F. (2016). The Urban Evolution of Doha: From a Vernacular Settlement to an Emerging Service Hub The Pre-oil Settlement of Doha: A Product of Desert, Sea, and. InDemystifying Doha(pp. 85-114). Routledge. Wadi, R., Furlan, R. (2017). The Quality of Urban Life (QOUL) of New-Salatas Neighborhood in Qatar.American Journal of Sociological Research,7(1), 14-22. Yusuf, N. (2014). Tourism development in Saudi Arabia.Journal of Business and Retail Management Research,8(2).

Saturday, March 21, 2020

Comparing Keats Odes Essay Example

Comparing Keats Odes Paper KEATS: COMPARITIVE STUDY OF THE TWO ODES: Keats’s odes, on the level of superficial reading can be seen as a brilliant rendering of a scene, a season or a mood; the final perfection of English landscape poetry. The two odes, namely, â€Å"Ode to a Nightingale† and â€Å"Ode on a Grecian Urn† appeal directly to the physical senses through a recognition of the physical reality of experience. However, such simplified conclusion is misleading as it disregards the poet’s complex thought process- where sensuousness and contemplation get unified. The central themes of the two poems are neither a nightingale nor an urn, but, the poet’s eternal search for a center of refuge in a world of flux. It is through such a conception that Keats sets to resolve the dichotomy between the world of the ideal and that of reality within the order of experience. In â€Å"Ode to a Nightingale†, the poet addresses a bird which appeals to his physical senses and seeks to unite with it. In the beginning, the poet is seen in a state of trance, happy beyond human endurance in his empathy with the bird’s song. We will write a custom essay sample on Comparing Keats Odes specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Comparing Keats Odes specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Comparing Keats Odes specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer Yet, he oscillates between the world of imagination and reality unable to reconcile them. At this moment, the wine, â€Å"cool’d a long age in deep delv’d earth† becomes an agent to carry him to the platonic ideal state of perfection but ironically fails to make him win over his mortality. His desire to escape grows and seems almost fulfilled in the fourth stanza- he feels himself placed with the nightingale- amidst the forest which is so dark’ that even the presence of a throned moon is conjectural. â€Å"Already with thee†- he exclaims in recognition of an identification of himself with the spirit of the bird. However, the very same statement presupposes â€Å"I† and â€Å"Thee† and indicates that this is not a true union, since, in a perfect union, the individual entities fuse to form a whole. The poet fails to become one with the bird, he can only â€Å"accompany† the bird (be with it). He realizes, as he returns to reality and relates his enrapturing experience with it—that man with his quality of transience cannot participate in the world of Imagination forever. He mentions, â€Å"fancy† and calls it â€Å"deceiving elf†, perhaps as a foil to Imagination. The experience of merging with the nightingale is based on sensual physicality and lacks the elevation of spiritual awareness. He is left perplexed regarding his state of consciousness while the receding music discards him from the world of ideal at a moment when he is not ready to confront reality. This conflict is carried on to â€Å"Ode on a Grecian Urn†, where Keats acknowledges that â€Å"heard melodies are sweet but those unheard are sweeter†. In the beginning of this ode there is recognition of permanence in art. The poem is a sober and disciplined work of art, where passion and intellect fuse in a rounded perception, just like the urn which it talks about. He uses a series of imagery inspired by the carvings on the urn. Interestingly, he reflects on the presence of â€Å"absence†- the music unheard, the empty streets waiting for the people to return, the unfelt communion of the lovers who never unite. Thus, despite recognizing the superiority of Imagination over reality, he is troubled by the â€Å"cold pastoral† lifelessness of the moment frozen on the urn. In both the odes, Douglas Bush observes, â€Å"†¦ is a belief that whereas the momentary experience of beauty is fleeting, the embodiment of that moment in art, in song or in marble†¦ is an imperishable source of joy. † However, this embodiment is not infused with life. The beauty of the maiden is eternally true, but equally true is the lack of satiation of the lovers. Keats’ sensuousness reaches a greater level of perfection through this recognition of absence. Therefore, one might feel that it is easy to bring all the senses in ones poetry. However, as far as Keats is concerned it is not just how he mentions various sensations of sight, sound, touch, taste and smell—it is about the flowers that he â€Å"can not see†, the music that he can not hear, the mystery that he can not unravel. His negative capability does not remain just a means to achieve objective distance from his own self, by negating himself to experience the world from a different viewpoint, but also to attempt to understand these sensations that even the inhabitants of that â€Å"different† point cannot experience. This conflict between the present sensation and â€Å"absence†, fancy and imagination, transience and permanence is finally resolved in â€Å"To Autumn†. In this poem Keats understands that true fulfillment does not come from permanence but from maturation: â€Å"Ripeness is all†. However as he pens down the first two odes, this recognition does not dawn on him. He is still unable to solve the riddle of reality but his sensuousness makes him understand the disparity between the ideal and real and his contemplation makes him all the more eager to solve the riddle.

Thursday, March 5, 2020

Rizal Journey Essay Essays

Rizal Journey Essay Essays Rizal Journey Essay Paper Rizal Journey Essay Paper Chapter 1: Introduction to the Study of Rizal’s Life. Works and Writings Rizal Law and the Teaching of Rizal Course|Republic Act of 1425Or Rizal Law| * Mandates the instruction of the life. plants and Hagiographas of Rizal in all schools in the state. | Jose P. Laurel | * Sponsored the jurisprudence because Rizal was the laminitis of Filipino nationality and the designer of the Filipino state. * Believed that by reading and analyzing Rizal’s life. instructions and Hagiographas. Filipino young person will derive incorruptible assurance. way. bravery and finding. | Aims of Rizal Law ( 1956 ) | * To rededicate the lives of the young person to ideals of freedom and patriotism. * To pay testimonial to our national hero for giving his life and works in determining the Filipino character. * To derive an inspiring beginning of nationalism thru the survey of Rizal’s life. plants and Hagiographas. | †¦Goals by the Board of National Education ( Capino et al. 1997 ) | * To acknowledge the relevancy of Rizal’s ideals. ideas. instructions and life values to present status in the community. * To use Rizal’s thoughts in the solution of daily state of affairss and jobs in modern-day life. * To develop an apprehension and grasp of the qualities. behaviour and character of Rizal. * To further the development of moral character. personal subject. citizenship and vocational efficiency among the Filipino young person. | Rizal. An American Sponsored Hero| Constantino ( 1969 ) | * Claims that Rizal was an American-sponsored hero. | Taft Commission of 1901| * Not the Filipino people chose Rizal to go our country’s national hero. | Contenders of the Title of National Hero| * Rizal. Aguinaldo. Bonifacio and Mabini| Act No. 137| * Organized a politico-military territory and named it as the state of Rizal in award of the most celebrated Filipino. | Act No. 243| * Authorized a public subscription for the hard-on of a memorial in award of Rizal at Luneta. | Act No. 345| * Set aside the day of remembrance of Rizal’s decease as a twenty-four hours of observation. | Agoncillo ( 1986 ) | * Rizal was accepted as a national hero to the Americans because he was the symbol of assimilation. which was the American policy so in the Philippines. | Factors harmonizing to Constantino ( 1969 ) that affected Rizal’s acceptableness as official hero of the Philippines| * Rizal was already dead when the Americans began their aggression in t he Philippines. * No embarrassinganti-American citation could of all time be attributed to Rizal. * Rizal’s dramatic martyrdom had already made him the symbol of Spanish subjugation. | Guerrero ( 1998 ) | * Asserts that it is the Filipinos who have chosen Rizal to be the symbol of our patriotism as a people even before he died. * Rizal was the first Filipino. | Guerrero’s Conclusions| * Since the Filipinos love peace. they have chosen to amplify a adult male of peace above the work forces of war. * Because Filipinos are lovers of freedom and justness. they have given their worship to a adult male who gave up all amenitiess and pleasances of the peace for their interest. * Filipinos prize virtue more than triumph and forfeit above success. | Rizal. Pioneer Asiatic Nationalist Leader| De Ocampo ( 1969 ) | * Rizal was the first advocate of Asiatic patriotism since he was the beginning of inspiration for the eruption of the Philippine Revolution of 1896. | Fisher ( 1962 ) | * Called Rizal the Pioneer Exponent of Liberal Democracy in Asia. * Said even before Gandhi and Sun Yat-Sen began their political calling. Rizal had already spoken out with soundness and bravery thoughts on broad democracy by his Hagiographas. * Worth and self-respect of the person. * Inviolability of human rights * Innate equality of all work forces and races * Necessity for constitutional authorities * Due procedure of jurisprudence * Popular sovereignty as footing of all political authorization. * Faith in human ground and enlightenment * Rights of the multitudes to public instruction. * Belief in societal advancement through freedom | Major Periods in the Life of Rizal ( Celedonio. 1982 ) | First Period ( 1861-1872 ) | * Rizal learned how to read. compose and listened to narratives that triggered inventive and critical thought on his portion. * He developed diligence. creativeness. reason and self-respect. | Second Period ( 1872-1882 ) | * First turning point in the life of Rizal. * He was 11 and enrolled in Ateneo Municipal despite his mother’s expostulation. * It was the period when Fathers Gomez. Burgos and Zamora were unjustly executed by the Spanish authorities. * Their martyrdom made Rizal aware of the maltreatments of the government and led him to give himself in the hereafter to revenge unfairnesss and inhuman treatments of the Spanish. * Strengthening of his spiritual foundation. * Cultivation of the thrust toward excellence * Conception of the Philippines as his homeland. *Visualizing the Philippines having light thru instruction. * Percept of the intimate confederation between faith and instruction. | Third Period ( 1882-1892 ) | * Second major turning point in Rizal’s life. * He decided to go forth the Philippines to get away persecution. * He traveled and everyplace he went. he was ever an perceiver and a pupil. larning from everything he saw. read and heard. * He took portion in the Propaganda Movement based in Europe. | Fourth Period ( 1892-1896 ) | * The last turning point of his life before his martyrdom in December 30. 1896. * Rizal was exiled to Dapitan. * He detached his connexions with political relations and devoted more of his clip in practical service and utility to the community. | Chapter 2: The nineteenth Century World of Jose RizalGrowth and Development of Nationalism |Nationalism | * ( Jackson A ; Jackson. 2000 ) A sense of trueness or psychological attachment members of a state portion. based on a common linguistic communication. history. civilization and desire for independency. * It is a feeling that drives a people together as a state. * McKay et Al. 1995 * Has evolved from a existent or imagined cultural integrity. attesting itself in a common linguistic communication. history and district. * Patriots have normally sought to turn this cultural integrity into political world so that the district of each people coincides with its province boundaries. * Patriots believe that every state has the right to be in freedom and develop in character and spirit. * It can take to aggressive campaigns and counter-crusades and can emphasize differences among people. | Rise and Gradual Spread of Liberalism and Democracy| Black. 1999| * The rise and spread of Liberalism and Democracy was really a effect of the growing and development of patriotism. | Liberalism| * Principle thoughts are liberty and equality. * Demanded representative authorities as opposed to bossy monarchy. equality before the jurisprudence as opposed to lawfully separate categories. * Besides meant specific single freedom: freedom of the imperativeness ; freedom of address ; freedom of assembly ; and freedom from arbitrary apprehension. | Democracy| * Was bit by bit established thru the undermentioned agencies: * Promulgation of Torahsthat progress democracy * Undertaking of reforms thru statute law * Abolition of bondage * Adoption of a broad fundamental law * Supplying the citizens the chance to suggest Torahs * Adoption of manhood right to vote and granting of political. economic and societal rights to the people * The ecclesiastical and civil governments so were non inclined to allow basic human rights to the Filipinos as it wil l be disadvantageous to the Spain’s colonial disposal of the Philippines fearing that it will actuate the Filipinos to work for independency and convey down the Regime. | The Industrial Revolution| Stearns et Al. 1991| * One of the most important developments in the nineteenth century was the Industrial revolution. | Industrial Revolution| * Refers to the transmutation of fabrication brought about by the innovation and usage of machines. | Positive Effects| * Rise of the mill system. * Mass production of indispensable and non-essential goods. * Improvement of people’s criterion of life. * Greater Urbanization of Society. * Beginnings of specialisation or division of labour. * Invention of labor-saving devices. * The beginning of industrial capitalist economy * Fostering of liberalism and patriotism. * Encouragement of people’s mobility. | Negative Effects| * Widening the spread between the rich and hapless * Unending economic warfare between labour and capital * Pollution and other environmental jobs * Get downing of kid and adult females labour * Intensification of imperialistic competition between and among industrialised states. | Doreen. 1991| * To work out th e immoralities created by the industrial system. different steps were proposed by concerned sectors of universe society. | Liberals| * Laissez-faire policy or government’s non-interference in the behavior of trade and concern has to be sustained for the uninterrupted enlargement of the economic system. | Socialists| * Assert that the authorities has to command critical industries and resources. * Necessary in advancing equality of chance and people’s public assistance in society. | Communists| * Suggest that all factors of production be owned and controlled by the authorities. * Equality can be achieved if societal categories are destroyed and absolutism of the labor is established. | The Progresss of Science| Consequences| * Everyday experience and countless scientists impressed the importance of scientific discipline on the heads of ordinary citizens. * As scientific discipline became more outstanding in popular thought. the philosophical deduction of scientific discipline spread to wide subdivisions of the population. Technical progresss led people to develop optimistic religion in man’s capableness to accomplish advancement. * The methods of scientific discipline acquired unrivaled prestigiousness after 1850. For many. the brotherhood of careful experiment and abstract theory was the lone path to the truth and nonsubjective world. | The Upsurge of Western Imperialism| Industrializing West| * In the nineteenth century. they entered the 3rd and most dynamic stage of its centuries-old-expansion into non-Western lands. | Consequences of Western Expansion| * The universe became in many ways a individual unit. * Diffused the thoughts and techniques of a extremely developed civilisation. Yet the west relied on force to suppress and govern and treated non-western people as racial inferiors. * Non-western elites launched national. anti-imperialist battle for self-respect. echt independency and modernisation. * Colonized people started to asseverate their right to self-government or the right to take the sort of authorities under which they would populate. | Optimism and Confidence in Progress| Chodorow et Al. 1994| * Optimism or faith in society and man’s ability to advancement was brought approximately by the promotion of scientific discipline. the coming of steam-powered industry and the spread of liberalism and socialism. | Marquis de Condorcet| * Summed the optimism of the century in his work Sketch for a Historical Picture of the Progress of the Human Mind. * Saw that â€Å"the strongest grounds for believing that nature has set no bound to realisation of our hopes† and foresaw â€Å"the abolishment of inequality between states. the advancement of equality within states and the true flawlessness of humanity. Progress was now independent of any power that might wish to hold it and will neer be reversed. †| Achievements| * Extension of human rights to many people * Promotion of higher instruction for work forces and adult females * Education for patriotism in schools * Investment in scientific discipline to function world * Improvement of public wel lness thru the constitution of legion infirmaries * Emergence of realistic literature. picturing the life of the clip | Chapter 3: Spain and the Philippines in the nineteenth Century Spain in the 19th Century|Zaide. 1994| * The nineteenth century was a disruptive century of political relations in Spanish history. * Frequent rise and autumn of ministries and fundamental laws. * Force to abandon the policy of mercantile system and adopted the individualistic policy. | Maguigad et Al. 2000| * To salvage the state from political disunity. the Spanish Crown worked out the canovite system or rotativism. | Canovite System or Rotativism| * The progressives and conservativists in Spain took bends in administrating the personal businesss of the state. | Mercantilism| * An economic philosophy based on the thought that a country’s wealth and power can be measured in footings of its stock of gold and Ag. | Romero et Al. 1978| * Spain was forced to abandon this policy on history of her felt need to follow the tendency of economic development in Europe and at the same clip velocity up the growing of her commercialism and trade. | Capino. 1977| * Spain’s acceptance of laissez-faire policy affected the Philippines in several ways. * Spain ended the Galleon Trade or the Manila-Acapulco trade in 1873. * This straight opened the Philippines to the universe commercialism * Ended the economic isolation of the Philippines from the remainder of the universe. * Created a in-between category imbued with civic bravery and personal independency which started the oppugning the maltreatments of the Spanish Regime. | The Philippines During Rizal’s Time| Consequences of the Spanish Conquest| * The Filipinos lost their hereditary lands on history of Spain’s establishment of the encomienda system. * Forced to accept Spanish civilization and faith. * This alteration was apparent in the administrative organisation of the state. societal construction and educational system of the Philippines and economic state of affairs in the nineteenth century. | Administrative Organization| Ministry of Colonies| * Thru this. the Spanish Crown was able to regulate the Philippines. | Governor-General| * Appointed by the Spanish sovereign * The caput of the Spanish colonial authorities in the state. *Represented the Crown in all governmental affairs. * Vice Royal Patron over spiritual personal businesss intending he could put up priests for ecclesiastical disposal of the parishes. * Commander in head of the colonial ground forces. * Chief executive of the colonial authorities. he was an ex-officio president of the Royal Audiencia. the Supreme Court in the Philippines during those times. * Had legislative powers. * Had the power of cumplase or the power to make up ones mind which jurisprudence or loyal edict should be implemented or disregarded in the settlement. | Actos Acordados| * Laws enacted by the governor-general. | Alcaldias| * The states during the Spanish Regime. * Divided into towns or Pueblo. | Alcalde Mayor or Provincial Mayor| * Each one headed a state who exe rcised executive and judicial maps. | Indulto de Commercio| * The provincial authorities was the most corrupt unit in local authorities so. owing to the privilege to prosecute in the monopolize trade called ______ . | Gobernadorcillo or Town Mayor| * Each one headed a Pueblo. * At first. he was elected by all married males. * Then. he was voted by 13 voters. chaired by the outgoing gobernadorcillo. * His chief duty was revenue enhancement aggregation. * To guarantee aggregation and remittal of these revenue enhancements. he was required to mortgage his belongingss to the authorities at the beginning of his term. | Romero et Al. 1978| * Each town was divided into barrios or barangays. | Cabeza de Barangay | * Headed a barangay. the smallest unit of authorities. * His map was to care of peace and order and aggregation of revenue enhancements and testimonials in the barangay. | Ayuntamiento| * City authorities during the Spanish Regime. * Governed by a cabildo or metropolis council com posed of a metropolis city manager ( alcalde en ordinario ) . councilors ( regidores ) . head constable ( aguacil city manager ) and a secretary ( escribano ) . | Spanish friar| * A cardinal figure in the local administrative set-up ( Schumacher. 1997 ) * Because of the brotherhood of the church and province in the Philippines. a rule upon which the Spanish colonial authorities in the state was founded. * Oversing representative of the Spanish authorities for all local personal businesss. * Practically the swayer of the town as he was the local school. wellness. prison. inspector and inspector of histories of the gobernadorcillos and cabeze de barangays. * His blessing was required in nose count lists. revenue enhancement lists. lists of ground forces draftees. and registry of births. deceases andmatrimonies. | Frailocracia| * Friars became more powerful and influential that even civil governments feared them. * Termed by Lopez Jaena. | Guardia Civil| * Another establishment feared in the Philippines. * Organized in1867. as a corps of native constabularies under the leading of Spanish officers for the intent of covering with criminals and renegades ( Maguigad et al. 2000 ) | Filibusteros| * Enemies of the authorities. | Erehes| * Enemies of the Catholic Church. |Audiencia Real| * Vested the judicial power of the authorities. * The Supreme Court during those times and the lower tribunals ( De Leon. 2000 ) . * Highest tribunal in the Philippines. * Besides served as a forum for settling of import issues on administration and an auditing bureau of the fundss of Spanish colonial disposal in the state. | Residencia| * The test of an surpassing governor-general to account for his Acts of the Apostless during his term of office of office. | Visitador| * Investigating officer to examine on ailments against the governor-general. he was non able to defy corruptness for his personal advantage. | Capino. 1977| * Another beginning of failing and maltreatment of Spanish authorities was the widespread merchandising of lower place to highest bidders. | The Social Structure of Filipino Society| Romero et Al. 1978| * Philippine society so was feudalistic as a effect of the encomienda system imposed by the colonisers. | polo Y servicio| * Forced labour to the authorities and the Catholic Chruch. | Limpieza de sangre| * Purity of Blood * The societal construction implemented by Spain was pyramidic due to the colonizer’s attachment to the doctrine†¦ ( Maguigad. 2000 ) . | Social Pyramid: | | Peninsulares| * Spaniards born in Spain. |Insulares| * Spaniards born in the Philippines. |Spanish and Chinese Mestizo| |Principalia| * Ruling category of native elites. |Indios| * Masses|Educational System|Failing of the Educational System: | * Over-emphasis on faith * Limited and irrelevant course of study * Obsolete schoolroom installations * Inadequate instructional stuff * Absence of academic freedom * Racial bias against the Filipinos in school. | Chapter 4: The Dawn of Filipino NationalismFusion of the Philippines Under Spanish Era|Reduccion Plan| * Implemented by Fr. Juan de Plasencia * Required the indigens to populate in the country near the church. | Results of the Reduccion Plan| * Spanish encomenderos found it easier to roll up revenue enhancements. * Transformed the Filipinos into law-abidding citizens. * The independency of the barangays was lost because of the resettlement of the indigens under the influence of the church. | Early Resistance to Spanish Rule| Rebellions caused by the desire to recover their lost freedom: | * Revolt of Raha Sulayman and Lakan Dula ( 1574 ) * Tondo Conspiracy ( 1587-1588 ) * Revolt of Malong ( 1660-1661 ) * Dagohoy’s Revolt ( 1744-1829 ) * Revolt of Diego Silang ( 1762-1763 ) * Revolt of Palaris ( 1762-1764 ) | Revolts caused by opposition to Spanish-imposed establishments: | * Magalat Revolt ( 1596 ) * Revolt of the Irrayas ( 1621 ) * Cagayan Revolt ( 1639 ) * Sumuroy Rebellion ( 1649-1650 ) * Maniago Revolt ( 1660 ) | Revolts caused by the agricultural agitation: | * Provinces of Batangas. Laguna. Cavite. Pampanga and Bulacan. | Rebellions caused by the desire to return to their native faith: | * Igorot Revolt ( 1601 ) * Tamblot Revolt ( 1621-1622 ) * Revolt of Lanab and Alababan ( 1625-1627 ) * Tapar Revolt ( 1663 ) * Revolt of Francisco Rivera ( 1718 ) * Revolt of Hermano Apolinario dela Cruz ( 1840-1841 ) * Revolt of the Muslims in Southern Philippines| Divide et Impera Policy| * Factor for the failure of the rebellions. * They failed to recognize that their common enemy was the Spanish| The Emergence of the Filipino Sense of Nationhood | Cause of the Development of Nationalism | * Opening of the Philippines to universe commercialism * Rise of clase media * Broad government of Carlos Ma. Dela Torre * Racial Discrimination * Secularization contention * Cavite Mutiny of 1872| The Opening of the Philippines to World Commerce| John Locke’s Theory of Revolution| * People can subvert a authorities that is non working for the good of the governed. | The Rise of Clase Media|Clase Media or New in-between class| * Can be traced to the prosperity of a comparatively little category of ladino and the principalia or governing elite who benefited from the gap of the state to foreign commercialism and trade. | Broad Regime of Carlos Ma. Dela Torre| Carlos Ma. Dela Torre| * Was appointed governor-general after the autumn of Queen Isabella and the victory of liberalism in Spain. * Encouraged the aspirations of the reformers and abolished the censoring of the imperativeness. * During his term. freedom of address and of the imperativeness as guaranteed by the Spanish Constitution were recognized. | Rafeal de Izquierdo| * Replaced Carlos Ma. Dela Torre * Boasted that he came to the Philippines with a cross on one manus and a blade on the other. | Racial Discrimination| Indios| * What the Spanish called the Filipinos * Means inferior race| Fray Miguel de Bustamante| * Portrayed the Filipino as an single with low mental ability. incapable of geting European instruction and fitted merely to work in the field and be given a carabao in his booklet called Si Tandang Basyong Macunat. | Secularization Controversy| Secularization of Parishes| * The transportation of the monitories established by regular Spanish clergy to Filipino laymans. | Fr. Pedro Pelaez| * An insulares. who rose to the place of vicar capitular of Manila in1861. * Led the battle against royal edicts turning secular parishes over to the mendicants. * Appealed to the Queen Isabella II for ecclesiastical equality between the Spanish habitues and Filipino laymans. | Fr. Burgos| * Continued the battle subsequently after the decease of Fr. Palaez. * He exerted all attempts to support the Filipino clergy from all the onslaughts by the Spanish habitues. * Applead to the Spanish queen that the Filipino priests the opportunity to turn out that they can be the Spanish habitues. | Cavite Mutiny of 1872| Sgt. La Madrid| * Lead a mutiny with Filipino soldiers in the armory of Cavite on the dark of January 20. 1872 brought about by Izquierdo’s abolishment of their freedom from testimonials and forced labour. | Rizal and the Cavite Mutiny of 1872| Execution of Gomburza| * When Rizal heard of the martyrdom of Gomburza when he was 11 old ages old. he changed his head of going a priest and go a Jesuit male parent and dedicated his life to revenge the victims of the Spanish authorities. |

Tuesday, February 18, 2020

Women and Sexuality Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 words

Women and Sexuality - Essay Example This will help in curbing the ever increasing number of victims STIs and other infections. In addition, the use of condoms and other preventive devices should be over emphasized in any adult films or movies. This will help in spreading the message of constant and correct use of protective devices during sexual intercourse. It is also beneficial to regulate the sex industry just like any business is regulated, because there are many advantages attached to it such as, preventing overcrowding in the same business, and unscrupulous trading or getting involved in dangerous business activities. Base on these, the victims of the sex industry or prostitution will always follow the laws to the letter, with those not abiding being liable for punishment. As per decriminalization, it is not necessary to develop a set of extra laws to regulate the sex industry as per the already in place regulatory approaches. This has been demonstrated by countries such Australia and New Zealand. By decriminalization, benefits have been realized in that there has been high compliance. This is because when businesses are treated without discrimination, barriers tend to reduce. There has also been increased transparency in that the model has been perceived as a whole governments approach to regulation (Brents, Barbara and Hausbeck, 2010). According to Bernstein and Elizabeth (2010), regulating this prevailing and escalating industry or commercial sex services premises (SSP) would call for developing consent with the historic location of SSP. Over the years, the legislation concerned with the law have also ensured that the building operating in the vicinity of mixed commercial areas, with no amenity impacts for quite some time and still unable to surrender a DA are not permitted to continue with the business. To allow for independent sex worker, especially those who might be found in